Juz’u `Amma – Part 30 of the Qur’an
Recitation of Juz’u ‘Amma by Hafiz Shams & Asad
Juz’u ‘Amma is the most commonly recited and memorized portion of the Qur’ān. It contains thirty-seven sūrahs, all of which were revealed in Makkah with the exception of al-Bayyinah and an-Naṣr. Because these sūrahs were revealed during the earliest stages of the prophetic mission and were being recited primarily to an audience of unbelievers and skeptics, their objective is to awaken the unconscious and implant faith in the heart. Varying in length, all are relatively short sūrahs with essentially similar themes.
These early revelations came in powerful language consisting of short, concise but eloquent sentences; their literary style was so unique that it attracted a great deal of attention. Logical evidences supported the universal truths expressed within them. Their verses exposed the errors of the idolaters and criticized their blind adherence to a religion of unsanctioned customs. They convey basic principles of morality, ethics and righteous conduct taught by all prophets as an indispensable part of
Allah’s (سبحانه وتعالى) religion. And they refute the misconception that man is self-sufficient, independent of Allah (سبحانه وتعالى)and unaccountable to Him.
As is generally the case with Makkan revelation, the emphasis in Juz’u ‘Amma is on essential beliefs – in particular, the issues of tawḥeed, the Prophethood of Muhammad (ﷺ) and the life after death. Al-Qiyāmah (the Resurrection) is described vividly in several of its sūrahs as a terrifying, overwhelming event. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) had said, “Whoever would like to perceive the Day of Resurrection as if with his own eyes may recite Sūrahs at-Takweer, al-Infiṭār and al-Inshiqāq.”53 Subject matter includes: the creative power of Allah(سبحانه وتعالى)as observed in the phenomena of nature on earth and in the heavens, the inevitable and complete manifestation of that power in the Hereafter, the Lord’s mercy and countless favors to mankind, the arrogance and ingratitude shown by most of mankind, the consequences of belief and denial, threat against evildoers and promise of reward for the righteous.
There are also some brief references to earlier prophets and divine retribution upon those who opposed them. The unbelievers are admonished for their ignorance and immorality, their opposition to truth and their persecution of the believers.
Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) warns that every individual will be held fully accountable for his actions and intentions at the final account and judgment, and that each will find just recompense for his deeds, both good and evil, in an eternal life to come.