Several important fundamental concepts about taking actions are discussed in relation to events after the victory of Badr.
The speaker discusses the event of the fighters of Badr disputing over the distribution of the booties of war. The revelation of An-Anfal (The Bounties) remains a lesson today as it provides us understanding of not only distribution of wealth but more importantly understanding the fundamental concept of what Muslims today must do prior to taking any action.
This chapter in the Seerah discusses a very important point relevant today relating to the treatment of prisoners. Detailed accounts and lessons are provided on how Muslims are to treat the captives of war.
The speaker explains the concept and requirements of taking consultation with the example of how the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)took consultation from Abu Bakr and ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab in regarding the prisoners of war.
A key lesson and example on the Justice of a Ruler is discussed with the account of the Ransom offered by Zainab, the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)for her husband Abul-‘As. Also discussed in detail are the events surrounding the return of Zainab (RA) and Abul-‘As(RA) becoming a Muslim.
The speaker concludes with how Islam dealt with the various groups of people (i.e. Jews and the Mushrikeen) various classes of people.