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Juz’u `Amma – Part 30 of the Qur’an – Youth Recitation

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May 21, 2020

Juz’u `Amma – Part 30 of the Qur’an
Recitation of Juz’u  ‘Amma by Hafiz Shams & Asad

Juz’u  ‘Amma  is  the  most  commonly  recited  and  memorized  portion  of  the  Qur’ān.  It contains thirty-seven sūrahs, all of which were revealed in Makkah with the exception of al-Bayyinah and an-Naṣr.  Because these sūrahs were revealed during the earliest stages of the prophetic mission and were being recited primarily to an audience of unbelievers and skeptics, their objective is to awaken the unconscious and implant faith in the heart.  Varying in length, all are relatively short sūrahs with essentially similar themes.

These early revelations came in powerful language consisting of short, concise but eloquent sentences; their literary style was so unique that it attracted a great deal of attention.  Logical evidences supported the universal truths expressed within them.  Their verses exposed the errors  of  the  idolaters  and  criticized  their  blind adherence  to  a  religion  of  unsanctioned customs.  They convey basic principles of morality, ethics and righteous conduct taught by all prophets as an indispensable part of
Allah’s (سبحانه وتعالى) religion.  And they refute the misconception that man is self-sufficient, independent of Allah (سبحانه وتعالى)and unaccountable to Him.

As is generally the case with Makkan revelation, the emphasis in Juz’u ‘Amma is on essential beliefs – in particular, the issues of tawḥeed, the Prophethood of Muhammad (ﷺ) and the life after death.  Al-Qiyāmah (the Resurrection) is described vividly in several of its sūrahs as a terrifying, overwhelming event.  Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) had said,  “Whoever would  like  to  perceive  the  Day  of  Resurrection  as  if  with  his  own  eyes  may  recite  Sūrahs  at-Takweer, al-Infiṭār and al-Inshiqāq.”53  Subject matter includes: the creative power of Allah(سبحانه وتعالى)as observed in the phenomena of nature on earth and in the heavens, the inevitable  and complete manifestation of that power in the Hereafter, the Lord’s mercy and countless favors to mankind, the arrogance and ingratitude shown by most of mankind, the consequences of belief and denial, threat against evildoers and promise of reward for the righteous.

There are also some brief references to earlier prophets and divine retribution upon those who opposed them. The  unbelievers  are  admonished  for  their  ignorance  and  immorality, their  opposition  to  truth  and  their  persecution  of the  believers.

Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) warns that every individual will be held fully accountable for his actions and intentions at the final account and judgment, and that each will find just recompense for his deeds, both good and evil, in an eternal life to come.

Text Source: Juz’u `Amma – Part 30 of the Qur’an -A Basic Study Compiled by Umm Muhammad

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